Chardonnay wine grape

Chardonnay
Originally from Burgundy in eastern France, Chardonnay is the grape of great white Burgundy and Chablis, and is a major component of Champagne.  It takes its name from a village in the Mâconnais, where it originated as a chance cross between Pinot Noir and the now-obscure Gouais Blanc. The fame and versatility of Chardonnay have resulted in it being grown all around the world, with particular success in Australia and South Africa.
 
The characteristics of Chardonnay wine vary depending on the climate in which it is grown.  In a cool climate (Chablis, Champagne) it is a steely wine, medium to light in body, with high acidity and a green fruit character.  In slightly warmer regions it has more citrus and peach, with butter and honey notes.  Then in hot climates it develops strong tropical fruits with lower acidity.
 
Chardonnay is almost always dry.  Its full-bodied character responds well to oak, which can bolster its rather reticent aromas.  But bottle-age can also bring out its bouquet, and it ages very well thanks to its strong acidity in all but the hottest climates.

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